Two velvet scoters (Melanitta fusca) at Lundi Farm in Verl, Germany. The male is black with a yellow bill, while the female is brown. This species is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN.
A pair of Steller’s eiders (Polysticta stelleri) at the Alaska SeaLife Center in Seward.
The male is white and black, the female is brown.
This species is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
Federally threatened spectacled eiders (Somateria fischeri) at the Alaska SeaLife Center. The male is white with green in the head; the female is brown. This bird has been in decline since the 1980’s, attributed most likely to climate change and lead shot in their environment.